Publications 2021

Research articles

  1. Bahkit, M., Jones, M., Baker, J., Nair, R., Yan, K., Del Mar, C., and Scott, A.M., 2021. Reporting of adverse events, conflict of interest and funding in randomised controlled trials of antibiotics: a secondary analysis. BMJ Open, 11(7), e045406
  2. Martin, R.W., Brogård Andersen, S., O’Brien, M.A., Bravo, P., Hoffmann, T., Olling, K., Shepherd, H.L., Dankl, K., Stacey, D. and Dahl Steffensen, K., 2021. Providing Balanced Information about Options in Patient Decision Aids: An Update from the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. Medical Decision Making, p.0272989X211021397.
  3. Jamal, S., Jones, C., Walker, J., Mazereeuw, M., Sheppard, A.J., Henry, D. and Marrett, L.D., 2021. Cancer in First Nations people in Ontario, Canada: Incidence and mortality, 1991 to 2010. Health Reports32(6), pp.14-28.
  4. Beeken, R.J., Scott, A.M., Sims, R., Cleo, G., Clifford, H., Glasziou, P. and Thomas, R., 2021. A Community Jury on initiating weight management conversations in primary care. Health Expectations.
  5. Lewis, E.T., Hammill, K.A., Ticehurst, M., Turner, R.M., Greenaway, S., Hillman, K., Carlini, J. and Cardona, M., 2021, July. How Do Patients with Life-Limiting Illness and Caregivers Want End-Of-Life Prognostic Information Delivered? A Pilot Study. Healthcare, 9(7), p. 784.
  6. Phillips, W.R., Sturgiss, E., Yang, A., Glasziou, P., Hartman, T.O., Orkin, A., Russell, G.M. and van Weel, C., 2021. Clinician use of primary care research reports. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine34(3), pp.648-660.
  7. Davey, A., Tapley, A., Mulquiney, K.J., van Driel, M., Fielding, A., Holliday, E., Davis, J.S., Glasziou, P., Dallas, A., Ball, J. and Spike, N., 2021. Immediate and delayed antibiotic prescribing strategies used by Australian early-career general practitioners. British Journal of General Practice.
  8. O'Keeffe, M., Nickel, B., Dakin, T., Maher, C.G., Albarqouni, L., McCaffery, K., Barratt, A. and Moynihan, R., 2021. Journalists’ views on media coverage of medical tests and overdiagnosis: a qualitative study. BMJ open11(6), p.e043991.
  9. Clark, J., McFarlane, C., Cleo, G., Ramos, C.I. and Marshall, S., 2021. The Impact of Systematic Review Automation Tools on Methodological Quality and Time Taken to Complete Systematic Review Tasks: Case Study. JMIR Medical Education7(2), p.e24418.
  10. Hoffmann, T., Gibson, E., Barnett, C. and Maher, C., 2021. Shared decision making in Australian physiotherapy practice: A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported use. Plos one16(5), p.e0251347.
  11. Lewis, E.T., Harrison, R., Nicholson, M., Hillman, K., Trankle, S., Rangel, S., Stokes, C. and Cardona, M., 2021. Clinicians’ and public acceptability of universal risk-of-death screening for older people in routine clinical practice in Australia: Cross-sectional surveys. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33: pp.1063–1070.
  12. Griffin, A.R., Moloney, N., Leaver, A., Jagnoor, J., Michaleff, Z.A., Christine Lin, C.W. and Rebbeck, T., 2021. Experiences of responsiveness to exercise in people with chronic whiplash: A qualitative study. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 54: p.102380.
  13. Scalia, P., Saunders, C.H., Dannenberg, M., Mc Giguere, A., Alper, B.S., Hoffmann, T., Perestelo‐Perez, L., Durand, M.A. and Elwyn, G., 2021. Processes for evidence summarization for patient decision aids: A Delphi consensus study. Health Expectations.
  14. Kazda, L., Bell, K., Thomas, R., McGeechan, K., Sims, R. and Barratt, A., 2021. Overdiagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Scoping Review. JAMA network open4(4), pp.e215335.
  15. Muscat, D.M., Morris, G.M., Bell, K., Cvejic, E., Smith, J., Jansen, J., Thomas, R., Bonner, C., Doust, J. and McCaffery, K., 2021. Benefits and Harms of Hypertension and High-Normal Labels: A Randomized Experiment. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 14, e007160
  16. Fien, S., Plunkett, E., Fien, C., Greenaway, S., Heyland, D.K., Clark, J. and Cardona, M., 2021. Challenges and facilitators in delivering optimal care at the End of Life for older patients: a scoping review on the clinicians’ perspective. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, pp.1-14.
  17. Vinkers, C.H., Lamberink, H.J., Tijdink, J.K., Heus, P., Bouter, L., Glasziou, P., et al., 2021. The methodological quality of 176,620 randomized controlled trials published between 1966 and 2018 reveals a positive trend but also an urgent need for improvement. PloS Biology19(4), p.e3001162.
  18. Byambasuren, O., Dobler, C.C., Bell, K., Rojas, D.P., Clark, J., McLaws, M.L. and Glasziou, P., 2021. Comparison of seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infections with cumulative and imputed COVID-19 cases: systematic review. Plos one16(4), p.e0248946.
  19. Marshall, K., Perera, R., Glasziou, P. and Fleming, S., 2021. Can party balloons replace autoinflation balloons to treat glue ear: technical comparison. BJGP open.
  20. Page, M.J., McKenzie, J.E., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., Mulrow, C.D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J.M. and Moher, D., 2021. Updating guidance for reporting systematic reviews: development of the PRISMA 2020 statement. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology134, pp.103-112.
  21. Page, M.J., McKenzie, J.E., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., Mulrow, C.D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J.M., Akl, E.A., Brennan, S,E., Chou, R., Glanville, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Hróbjartsson, A., Lalu, M.M., Li, T., Loder, E.W., Mayo-Wilson, E., McDonald, S., McGuinness, L.A., Stewart, L.A., Thomas, J., Tricco, A.C., Welch, V.A., Whiting, P., Moher, D., 2021. The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ (Clinical Research ed), 372:n71. [Co-published in PLOS Medicine 18(3): e1003583; Journal of Clinical Epidemiology; Systematic Reviews 10(1): 89; and Journal of Surgery: pp. 105906]
  22. Page, M.J., Moher, D., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., Mulrow, C.D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J.M., Akl, E.A., Brennan, S.E. and Chou, R., 2021. PRISMA 2020 explanation and elaboration: updated guidance and exemplars for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ, 372:n160.
  23. Cao, S., Jones, M., Tooth, L. and Mishra, G., 2021. Does premenstrual syndrome before pregnancy increase the risk of postpartum depression? Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Journal of Affective Disorders279, pp.143-148.
  24. Sharma, S., Traeger, A.C., O’Keeffe, M., Copp, T., Freeman, A., Hoffmann, T. and Maher, C.G., 2021. Effect of information format on intentions and beliefs regarding diagnostic imaging for non-specific low back pain: A randomised controlled trial in members of the public. Patient Education and Counseling104(3), pp.595-602.
  25. Putrik, P., Jessup, R., Buchbinder, R., Glasziou, P., Karnon, J. and O’Connor, D.A., 2021. Prioritising models of healthcare service delivery for a more sustainable health system: a Delphi study of Australian health policy, clinical practice and management, academic and consumer stakeholders. Australian Health Review.
  26. Moynihan, R., Sanders, S., Michaleff, Z.A., Scott, A.M., Clark, J., To, E.J., Jones, M., ... and Albarqouni, L., 2021. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on utilisation of healthcare services: a systematic review. BMJ open11(3), p.e045343.
  27. Bakhit, M., Krzyzaniak, N., Hilder, J., Clark, J., Scott, A. and Del Mar, C., 2021. Does methenamine hippurate decrease urinary tract symptoms in community adult women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of General Practice, 71(708): e528-3537.
  28. Albarqouni, L., Sanders, S., Clark, J., Tikkinen, K.A. and Glasziou, P., 2021. Self-management for men with lower urinary tract symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Annals of Family Medicine19(2), pp.157-167.
  29. Thomas, R., Greenwood, H., Michaleff, Z.A., Abukmail, E., Hoffmann, T.C., McCaffery, K., Hardiman, L. and Glasziou, P., 2021. Examining Australian’s beliefs, misconceptions and sources of information for COVID-19: a national online survey. BMJ open11(2), p.e043421.
  30. Hoffmann, T.C., Bakhit, M., Durand, M.A., Perestelo-Pérez, L., Saunders, C. and Brito, J.P., 2021. Basing Information on Comprehensive, Critically Appraised, and Up-to-Date Syntheses of the Scientific Evidence: An Update from the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. Medical Decision Making, p.0272989X21996622.
  31. Bakhit, M., Krzyzaniak, N., Scott, A.M., Clark, J., Glasziou, P. and Del Mar, C., 2021. Downsides of face masks and possible mitigation strategies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ open11(2), p.e044364.
  32. Gunnarsson, R.K., Orda, U., Elliott, B., Heal, C., Gorges, H., Glasziou, P. and Del Mar, C., 2021. Improving antibiotics targeting using PCR point-of-care testing for group A streptococci in patients with uncomplicated acute sore throat. Australian Journal of General Practice50, pp.76-83.
  33. Hoffmann, T., Beckhaus, J. and Del Mar, C., 2021. ‘What happens if I do nothing?’A Systematic Review of the Inclusion and Quantitative Description of a ‘No Active Intervention’ Option in Patient Decision Aids. Journal of General Internal Medicine, pp.1-3.
  34. Hoffmann, T., Peiris, R., Glasziou, P., Cleo, G. and Del Mar, C., 2021. Natural history of non-bullous impetigo: A systematic review of time to resolution or improvement without antibiotic treatment. British Journal of General Practice, 71(704): e237-e242.
  35. Dinh, T.S., González-González, A.I., Meid, A.D., .... Glasziou, P.P, Haefeli, W.E., and Muth, C., 2021. Are anticholinergic symptoms a risk factor for falls in older general practice patients with polypharmacy? Study protocol for the development and validation of a prognostic model. Frontiers in pharmacology11, 577747.
  36. Bloomfield, J.G., Schneider, C.R., Lane, S., Stehlik, P. and Frotjold, A., 2021. Evaluating a large-scale introductory interprofessional education workshop for developing interprofessional socialisation in medical, nursing and pharmacy students: A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test study. Nurse Education Today, p.104777.
  37. Fandim, J.V., Nitzsche, R., Michaleff, Z.A., Pena Costa, L.O. & Saragiotto, B., 2021. The contemporary management of neck pain in adults. Pain Management, 11(1), 75-87.
  38. Albarqouni, L., Moynihan, R., Clark, J., Scott, A. M., Duggan, A. & Del Mar, C., 2021. Head of bed elevation to relieve gastroesophageal reflux symptoms: a systematic review. ,BMC Family Practice22(1), 1-9.
  39. González-González, A. I., Dinh, T. S., Meid, A. D., Blom, J. W., van den Akker, M., Elders, P. J., ... Glasziou, P.P. & Muth, C., 2021. Predicting negative health outcomes in older general practice patients with chronic illness: rationale and development of the PROPERmed harmonized individual participant data database. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 111436.
  40. Phillips, W. R., Sturgiss, E., Hunik, L., Glasziou, P., olde Hartman, T., Orkin, A., ... & van Weel, C., 2021. Improving the reporting of primary care research: an international survey of researchers. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine34(1), 12-21.
  41. Scott, A. M., Chalmers, I., Barnett, A., Stephens, A., Kolstoe, S. E., Clark, J., & Glasziou, P., 2021. ‘The ethics approval took 20 months on a trial which was meant to help terminally ill cancer patients. In the end we had to send the funding back’: a survey of views on human research ethics reviews. Journal of Medical Ethics.
  42. Hayward, K. S., Churilov, L., ... Hoffman, T. C., Lannin, N. A., McDonald, M. W., Corbett, D., & Bernhardt, J., 2021. Advancing Stroke Recovery Through Improved Articulation of Nonpharmacological Intervention Dose. Stroke, STROKEAHA-120.
  43. González-González, A.I., Schmucker, C., ...., Hoffmann, T., Gerlach, F. M., Straus, S. E., Meerpohl, J. J., & Muth, C., 2021. End-of-Life Care Preferences of Older Patients with Multimorbidity: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review. Journal of clinical medicine10(1), p.91.
  44. González-González, A.I., Meid, A.D., ..., Glasziou, P., & Muth, C., 2021. A prognostic model predicted deterioration in health-related quality of life in older patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 130, 1-12.
  45. Moro, C., Birt, J., Stromberga, Z., Phelps, C., Clark, J., Glasziou, P., and Scott, A.M., 2021. Virtual and augmented reality enhancements to medical and science student physiology and anatomy test performance: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Anatomical Sciences Education. 14(3), pp. 368-376.


  1. Abukmail, E. and Albarqouni, L., 2021. Postgraduate training abroad and migration intentions of medical doctors and students in Gaza: a cross-sectional survey. The Lancet398, p.S6.

  2. Stehlik, P., Alcorn, K., Jones, A., Schlebusch, S., Wattiaux, A. and Henry, D.A., 2021. Repeat testing for SARS‐CoV‐2: persistence of viral RNA is common, and clearance is slower in older people. MJA.

  3. Plunkett, E., Broadbent, A., Fien, S. and Cardona, M., 2021. Impact of COVID-19 Social Distancing on the Quality of Dying: A Call for Discretionary Application of Rules. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, pp.1-5.
  4. Cardona, M., and Lewis, E., 2021. When the Time Comes: Stories from the end of life. Hammersmith Health Books, London.
  5. Henry, D., 2021. Antihypertensive drugs and COVID-19. Heart107(1), pp.85 (Correspondence)
  6. O’Keeffe, M., Barratt, A., Fabbri, A., Zadro, J.R., Ferreira, G.E., Sharma, S. and Moynihan, R.N., 2021. Global Media Coverage of the Benefits and Harms of Early Detection Tests. JAMA Internal Medicine. (Letter)
  7. Hayen, A., Glasziou, P.P. and Doust, J.A., 2021. Coronary artery calcium scoring in cardiovascular risk assessment of people with family histories of early onset coronary artery disease, The Medical journal of Australia. (Letter)
  8. Bell, K.J., Glasziou, P., Stanaway, F., Bossuyt, P. and Irwig, L., 2021. Equity and evidence during vaccine rollout: stepped wedge cluster randomised trials could help. British Medical Journal, 372: n435 (Letter)
  9. Doshi, P., Hong, K., Jefferson, T., Jones, M. and Rowhani-Farid, A., 2021. Control vaccine formulation. The Lancet397(10279), pp.1061-1062. (Correspondence)
  10. Décary, S., Zadro, J.R., O'Keeffe, M., Michaleff, Z.A., Traeger, A.C. and Légaré, F., 2021. Overcoming Overuse Part 5: Is Shared Decision Making Our Excalibur?. JOSPT, 51(2):53-56 (Editorial)
  11. Traeger, A.C., Soon, J., O'Keeffe, M., Décary, S., Michaleff, Z.A. and Zadro, J.R., 2021. Overcoming Overuse Part 4: Small Business Survival. JOSPT, 51(1):1-4 (Editorial)
  12. Webster, R.K., Bishop, F., Collins, G.S., Evers, A.W., Hoffmann, T., Knottnerus, J.A., Lamb, S.E., Macdonald, H., Madigan, C., Napadow, V. and Price, A., 2021. Measuring the success of blinding in placebo-controlled trials: should we be so quick to dismiss it?. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. (Discussion)
  13. Hoffmann, T.C., Bakhit, M. and Del Mar, C., 2021, Uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. BMJ, vol. 372, n725.