Publications 2021

Research articles

  1. Müller, B.S., Klaaßen-Mielke, R., Gonzalez-Gonzalez, A.I., ... Glasziou, P., ... and Muth, C. (2021). Effectiveness of the application of an electronic medication management support system in patients with polypharmacy in general practice: a study protocol of cluster-randomised controlled trial (AdAM). BMJ open11(9), e048191.
  2. Scott, A.M., Bryant, E.A., Byrne, J.A., Taylor, N., and Barnett, A.G. (2021). “No Country Bureaucratised its way to Excellence”: A Content Analysis of Comments on a Petition to Streamline Australian Research Ethics and Governance Processes. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 15562646211048268.
  3. Cao, S., Jones, M., Tooth, L. and Mishra, G.D., 2021. Association between preconception cannabis use and risk of postpartum depression: Findings from an Australian longitudinal cohort. Drug and alcohol dependence226, p.108860.
  4. Cao, S., Jones, M., Tooth, L. and Mishra, G.D., 2021. Generational differences in the prevalence of postpartum depression among young Australians: a comparison of two cohorts born 17 years apart. Archives of Women's Mental Health, pp.1-16.
  5. Bakhit, M., Baillie, E., Krzyzaniak, N., van Driel, M., Clark, J., Glasziou, P., & Del Mar, C. (2021). Antibiotic prescribing for acute infections in synchronous telehealth consultations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJGP open, BJGPO.2021.0106. 
  6. Zadro, J., Jones, C., Harris, I., Buchbinder, R., O'Connor, D.A., McCaffery, K., Thompson, R.E., Karunaratne, S., Teng, M.J., Maher, C. & Hoffmann, T. (2021). Development of a patient decision aid on subacromial decompression surgery and rotator cuff repair surgery: an international mixed-methods study. BMJ open11(8), p.e054032.
  7. Hoffmann, T., Bakhit, M., Krzyzaniak, N., Del Mar, C., Scott, A.M. Glasziou, P. (2021). Soap versus sanitiser for preventing the transmission of acute respiratory infections in the community: a systematic review with meta-analysis and dose–response analysis. BMJ open11(8), p.e046175.
  8. Abukmail, E., Bakhit, M., Del Mar, C. Hoffmann, T. (2021). Effect of different visual presentations on the comprehension of prognostic information: a systematic review. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making21(1), pp.1-10.
  9. Krzyzaniak, N., Scott, A., Bakhit, M., Bryant, A., Taylor, M. & Del Mar, C. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Australian residential aged care facility (RACF) workforce. AJAN-The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing38(3).
  10. Rozbroj, T., Haas, R., O'Connor, D., Carter, S.M., McCaffery, K., Thomas, R., Donovan, J. & Buchbinder, R. (2021). How do people understand overtesting and overdiagnosis? Systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative research. Social Science & Medicine, p.114255.
  11. Cardona, M., Dobler, C.C., Koreshe, E., Heyland, D.K., Nguyen, R.H., Sim, J.P., Clark, J. & Psirides, A. (2021). A catalogue of tools and variables from crisis and routine care to support decision-making about allocation of intensive care beds and ventilator treatment during pandemics: Scoping review. Journal of Critical Care66, pp.33-43.
  12. Wake, E., Brandenburg, C., Heathcote, K., Dale, K., Campbell, D. & Cardona, M. (2021). Barriers and Facilitators to Implementation of a Telephone Follow-Up Program for Severely Injured Trauma Patients–A Process Evaluation. Research Square
  13. Vandermost, M., Bagraith, K.S., Kennedy, H., Doherty, D., Kilner, S., Sterling, M., Henry, D. Jones, M. (2021). Improvement in pain interference and function by an allied health pain management program: Results of a randomized trial. European Journal of Pain.
  14. Carlini, J., Bahudin, D., Michaleff, Z.A., Plunkett, E., Ní Shé, E., Clark, J., Cardona, M. (2021). Discordance and concordance on perception of quality care at end of life between older patients, caregivers and clinicians: a scoping review. Eur Geriatr Med
  15. Meid, A.D., Gonzalez-Gonzalez, A.I., Dinh, T.S., ..., Glasziou, P., & Muth, C. (2021). Predicting hospital admissions from individual patient data (IPD): an applied example to explore key elements driving external validity. BMJ open11(8), p.e045572.
  16. Alser, O., Alghoul, H., Alkhateeb, Z., Hamdan, A., Albaraqouni, L. & Saini, K. (2021). Healthcare workers preparedness for COVID-19 pandemic in the occupied Palestinian territory: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Health Services Research, 21(1), 766.
  17. Henry, D.A., Jones, M.A., Stehlik, P. Glasziou, P.P. (2021). Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines: findings from real world studies. MJA, 215(4), 149-151.
  18. Scott, A.M., Forbes, C., Clark, J., Carter, M., Glasziou, P. & Munn, Z. (2021). Systematic review automation tools improve efficiency but lack of knowledge impedes their adoption: a survey. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
  19. Clark, J.M., Beller, E., Glasziou, P.Sanders, S. (2021). The decisions and processes involved in a systematic search strategy: a hierarchical framework. Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA109(2), p.201.
  20. Bahkit, M., Jones, M., Baker, J., Nair, R., Yan, K., Del Mar, C., Scott, A.M. (2021). Reporting of adverse events, conflict of interest and funding in randomised controlled trials of antibiotics: a secondary analysis. BMJ Open, 11(7), e045406
  21. Martin, R.W., Brogård Andersen, S., O’Brien, M.A., Bravo, P., Hoffmann, T., et al. (2021). Providing Balanced Information about Options in Patient Decision Aids: An Update from the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. Medical Decision Making, p.0272989X211021397.
  22. Jamal, S., Jones, C., Walker, J., Mazereeuw, M., Sheppard, A.J., Henry, D. & Marrett, L.D. (2021). Cancer in First Nations people in Ontario, Canada: Incidence and mortality, 1991 to 2010. Health Reports32(6), pp.14-28.
  23. Beeken, R.J., Scott, A.M., Sims, R., Cleo, G., Clifford, H., Glasziou, P.Thomas, R. (2021). A Community Jury on initiating weight management conversations in primary care. Health Expectations.
  24. Lewis, E.T., Hammill, K.A., Ticehurst, M., Turner, R.M., Greenaway, S., Hillman, K., Carlini, J. & Cardona, M. (2021), July. How Do Patients with Life-Limiting Illness and Caregivers Want End-Of-Life Prognostic Information Delivered? A Pilot Study. Healthcare, 9(7), p. 784.
  25. Phillips, W.R., Sturgiss, E., Yang, A., Glasziou, P., Hartman, T.O., Orkin, A., Russell, G.M. & van Weel, C. (2021). Clinician use of primary care research reports. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine34(3), pp.648-660.
  26. Davey, A., Tapley, A., Mulquiney, K.J., van Driel, M., Fielding, A., Holliday, E., Davis, J.S., Glasziou, P., Dallas, A., Ball, J. & Spike, N. (2021). Immediate and delayed antibiotic prescribing strategies used by Australian early-career general practitioners. British Journal of General Practice.
  27. O'Keeffe, M., Nickel, B., Dakin, T., Maher, C.G., Albarqouni, L., McCaffery, K., Barratt, A. & Moynihan, R. (2021). Journalists’ views on media coverage of medical tests and overdiagnosis: a qualitative study. BMJ open11(6), p.e043991.
  28. Clark, J., McFarlane, C., Cleo, G., Ramos, C.I. & Marshall, S. (2021). The Impact of Systematic Review Automation Tools on Methodological Quality and Time Taken to Complete Systematic Review Tasks: Case Study. JMIR Medical Education7(2), p.e24418.
  29. Hoffmann, T., Gibson, E., Barnett, C. & Maher, C. (2021). Shared decision making in Australian physiotherapy practice: A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported use. Plos one16(5), p.e0251347.
  30. Lewis, E.T., Harrison, R., Nicholson, M., Hillman, K., Trankle, S., Rangel, S., Stokes, C. & Cardona, M. (2021). Clinicians’ and public acceptability of universal risk-of-death screening for older people in routine clinical practice in Australia: Cross-sectional surveys. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33: pp.1063–1070.
  31. Griffin, A.R., Moloney, N., Leaver, A., Jagnoor, J., Michaleff, Z.A., Christine Lin, C.W. & Rebbeck, T. (2021). Experiences of responsiveness to exercise in people with chronic whiplash: A qualitative study. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 54: p.102380.
  32. Scalia, P., Saunders, C.H., Dannenberg, M., Mc Giguere, A., Alper, B.S., Hoffmann, T., Perestelo‐Perez, L., Durand, M.A. & Elwyn, G. (2021). Processes for evidence summarization for patient decision aids: A Delphi consensus study. Health Expectations.
  33. Kazda, L., Bell, K., Thomas, R., McGeechan, K., Sims, R. & Barratt, A. (2021). Overdiagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Scoping Review. JAMA network open4(4), pp.e215335.
  34. Cardona, M., Stehlik, P., Fawzy, P., Byambasuren, O., Anderson, J., Clark, J., Sun, S. and Scott, I., 2021. Effectiveness and sustainability of deprescribing for hospitalized older patients near end of life: a systematic review. Expert Opinion on Drug Safety20(1), pp.81-91.
  35. Muscat, D.M., Morris, G.M., Bell, K., Cvejic, E., Smith, J., Jansen, J., Thomas, R., Bonner, C., Doust, J. & McCaffery, K. (2021). Benefits and Harms of Hypertension and High-Normal Labels: A Randomized Experiment. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, 14, e007160
  36. Fien, S., Plunkett, E., Fien, C., Greenaway, S., Heyland, D.K., Clark, J. Cardona, M. (2021). Challenges and facilitators in delivering optimal care at the End of Life for older patients: a scoping review on the clinicians’ perspective. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, pp.1-14.
  37. Vinkers, C.H., Lamberink, H.J., Tijdink, J.K., Heus, P., Bouter, L., Glasziou, P., et al. (2021). The methodological quality of 176,620 randomized controlled trials published between 1966 and 2018 reveals a positive trend but also an urgent need for improvement. PloS Biology19(4), p.e3001162.
  38. Shih, P., Nickel, B., Degeling, C., Thomas, R., Brito, J.P., McLeod, D.S., McCaffery, K. & Carter, S.M. (2021). Terminology change for small low-risk papillary thyroid cancer as a response to overtreatment: Results from three Australian community juries. Thyroid.
  39. Byambasuren, O., Dobler, C.C., Bell, K., Rojas, D.P., Clark, J., McLaws, M.L. & Glasziou, P. (2021). Comparison of seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infections with cumulative and imputed COVID-19 cases: systematic review. Plos one16(4), p.e0248946.
  40. Marshall, K., Perera, R., Glasziou, P. & Fleming, S. (2021). Can party balloons replace autoinflation balloons to treat glue ear: technical comparison. BJGP open.
  41. Page, M.J., McKenzie, J.E., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., Mulrow, C.D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J.M. & Moher, D. (2021). Updating guidance for reporting systematic reviews: development of the PRISMA 2020 statement. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology134, pp.103-112.
  42. Page, M.J., McKenzie, J.E., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., et al. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ (Clinical Research ed), 372:n71. [Co-published in PLOS Medicine 18(3): e1003583; Journal of Clinical Epidemiology; Systematic Reviews 10(1): 89; and Journal of Surgery: pp. 105906]
  43. Page, M.J., Moher, D., Bossuyt, P.M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T.C., et al. (2021). PRISMA 2020 explanation and elaboration: updated guidance and exemplars for reporting systematic reviews. BMJ, 372:n160.
  44. Cao, S., Jones, M., Tooth, L. & Mishra, G. (2021). Does premenstrual syndrome before pregnancy increase the risk of postpartum depression? Findings from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Journal of Affective Disorders279, pp.143-148.
  45. Sharma, S., Traeger, A.C., O’Keeffe, M., Copp, T., Freeman, A., Hoffmann, T. & Maher, C.G. (2021). Effect of information format on intentions and beliefs regarding diagnostic imaging for non-specific low back pain: A randomised controlled trial in members of the public. Patient Education and Counseling104(3), pp.595-602.
  46. Putrik, P., Jessup, R., Buchbinder, R., Glasziou, P., Karnon, J. & O’Connor, D.A. (2021). Prioritising models of healthcare service delivery for a more sustainable health system: a Delphi study of Australian health policy, clinical practice and management, academic and consumer stakeholders. Australian Health Review.
  47. Moynihan, R., Sanders, S., Michaleff, Z.A., Scott, A.M., Clark, J., To, E.J., Jones, M., ... & Albarqouni, L.(2021). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on utilisation of healthcare services: a systematic review. BMJ open11(3), p.e045343.
  48. Bakhit, M., Krzyzaniak, N., Hilder, J., Clark, J., Scott, A. Del Mar, C. (2021). Does methenamine hippurate decrease urinary tract symptoms in community adult women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of General Practice, 71(708): e528-3537.
  49. Albarqouni, L., Sanders, S., Clark, J., Tikkinen, K.A. & Glasziou, P. (2021). Self-management for men with lower urinary tract symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Annals of Family Medicine19(2), pp.157-167.
  50. Thomas, R., Greenwood, H., Michaleff, Z.A., Abukmail, E., Hoffmann, T.C., McCaffery, K., Hardiman, L. &  Glasziou, P. (2021). Examining Australian’s beliefs, misconceptions and sources of information for COVID-19: a national online survey. BMJ open11(2), p.e043421.
  51. Hoffmann, T.C., Bakhit, M., Durand, M.A., Perestelo-Pérez, L., Saunders, C. & Brito, J.P. (2021). Basing Information on Comprehensive, Critically Appraised, and Up-to-Date Syntheses of the Scientific Evidence: An Update from the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. Medical Decision Making, p.0272989X21996622.
  52. Bakhit, M., Krzyzaniak, N., Scott, A.M., Clark, J., Glasziou, P. Del Mar, C. (2021). Downsides of face masks and possible mitigation strategies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ open11(2), p.e044364.
  53. Gunnarsson, R.K., Orda, U., Elliott, B., Heal, C., Gorges, H., Glasziou, P. Del Mar, C. (2021). Improving antibiotics targeting using PCR point-of-care testing for group A streptococci in patients with uncomplicated acute sore throat. Australian Journal of General Practice50, pp.76-83.
  54. Hoffmann, T., Beckhaus, J. & Del Mar, C. (2021). ‘What happens if I do nothing?’A Systematic Review of the Inclusion and Quantitative Description of a ‘No Active Intervention’ Option in Patient Decision Aids. Journal of General Internal Medicine, pp.1-3.
  55. Hoffmann, T., Peiris, R., Glasziou, P., Cleo, G.Del Mar, C. (2021). Natural history of non-bullous impetigo: A systematic review of time to resolution or improvement without antibiotic treatment. British Journal of General Practice, 71(704): e237-e242.
  56. Dinh, T.S., González-González, A.I., Meid, A.D., .... Glasziou, P.P, Haefeli, W.E., & Muth, C. (2021). Are anticholinergic symptoms a risk factor for falls in older general practice patients with polypharmacy? Study protocol for the development and validation of a prognostic model. Frontiers in pharmacology11, 577747.
  57. Bloomfield, J.G., Schneider, C.R., Lane, S., Stehlik, P. & Frotjold, A. (2021). Evaluating a large-scale introductory interprofessional education workshop for developing interprofessional socialisation in medical, nursing and pharmacy students: A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test study. Nurse Education Today, p.104777.
  58. Fandim, J.V., Nitzsche, R., Michaleff, Z.A., Pena Costa, L.O. & Saragiotto, B. (2021). The contemporary management of neck pain in adults. Pain Management, 11(1), 75-87.
  59. Albarqouni, L., Moynihan, R., Clark, J., Scott, A. M., Duggan, A. & Del Mar, C. (2021). Head of bed elevation to relieve gastroesophageal reflux symptoms: a systematic review. ,BMC Family Practice22(1), 1-9.
  60. González-González, A. I., Dinh, T. S., Meid, A. D., Blom, J. W., van den Akker, M., Elders, P. J., ... Glasziou, P.P. & Muth, C. (2021). Predicting negative health outcomes in older general practice patients with chronic illness: rationale and development of the PROPERmed harmonized individual participant data database. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 111436.
  61. Shih, P., Nickel, B., Degeling, C., Thomas, R., Brito, J.P., McLeod, D.S., McCaffery, K. & Carter, S.M. (2021). Terminology change for small low-risk papillary thyroid cancer as a response to overtreatment: Results from three Australian community juries. Thyroid.
  62. Phillips, W. R., Sturgiss, E., Hunik, L., Glasziou, P., olde Hartman, T., Orkin, A., ... & van Weel, C. (2021). Improving the reporting of primary care research: an international survey of researchers. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine34(1), 12-21.
  63. Scott, A. M., Chalmers, I., Barnett, A., Stephens, A., Kolstoe, S. E., Clark, J., & Glasziou, P. (2021). ‘The ethics approval took 20 months on a trial which was meant to help terminally ill cancer patients. In the end we had to send the funding back’: a survey of views on human research ethics reviews. Journal of Medical Ethics.
  64. Hayward, K. S., Churilov, L., ... Hoffman, T. C., et al. (2021). Advancing Stroke Recovery Through Improved Articulation of Nonpharmacological Intervention Dose. Stroke, STROKEAHA-120.
  65. González-González, A.I., Schmucker, C., ...., Hoffmann, T., et al. (2021). End-of-Life Care Preferences of Older Patients with Multimorbidity: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review. Journal of clinical medicine10(1), p.91.
  66. González-González, A.I., Meid, A.D., ..., Glasziou, P., & Muth, C. (2021). A prognostic model predicted deterioration in health-related quality of life in older patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 130, 1-12.
  67. Moro, C., Birt, J., Stromberga, Z., Phelps, C., Clark, J., Glasziou, P., & Scott, A.M. (2021). Virtual and augmented reality enhancements to medical and science student physiology and anatomy test performance: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Anatomical Sciences Education. 14(3), pp. 368-376.
  68. Eguaras Córdoba, I., Sánchez Acedo, P., Herrera Cabezon, J., Galbete, A. & Cardona, M. (2021). External Prospective Validation of the Modified CriSTAL Score for 30-and 90-day Mortality in Geriatric Urgent Surgical Patients. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery25(8), pp.2083-2090.


  1. Chen, C.Y., Kang, Y.N., Kuo, K.N., Glasziou, P., and Chen, K.H. (2021). Increasing retractions of meta-analyses publications for methodological flaw. Systematic reviews10(1), 1-3.

  2. Withers, C., Noble, C., Brandenburg, C., Glasziou, P.P.Stehlik, P. (2021), Selection criteria for Australian and New Zealand medical specialist training programs: another under-recognised driver of research waste. Med J Aust.

  3. Ravinetto, R., Caillet, C., Zaman, .... Hoffmann, T. & Newton, P.N. (2021). Preprints in times of COVID19: the time is ripe for agreeing on terminology and good practices. BMC Medical Ethics22(1), 106.

  4. Alyacoubi, S., Böttcher, B., Albarqouni, L. & Elessi, K. (2021). Clinical audit as a quality improvement tool in the Gaza Strip: an audit of audits. The Lancet398, p.S13.

  5. Abukmail, E. Albarqouni, L. (2021). Postgraduate training abroad and migration intentions of medical doctors and students in Gaza: a cross-sectional survey. The Lancet398, p.S6.

  6. Stehlik, P., Alcorn, K., Jones, A., Schlebusch, S., Wattiaux, A. & Henry, D.A. (2021). Repeat testing for SARS‐CoV‐2: persistence of viral RNA is common, and clearance is slower in older people. MJA.

  7. Plunkett, E., Broadbent, A., Fien, S. & Cardona, M. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 Social Distancing on the Quality of Dying: A Call for Discretionary Application of Rules. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, pp.1-5.
  8. Cardona, M., & Lewis, E. (2021). When the Time Comes: Stories from the end of life. Hammersmith Health Books, London.
  9. Henry, D. (2021). Antihypertensive drugs and COVID-19. Heart107(1), pp.85 (Correspondence)
  10. O’Keeffe, M., Barratt, A., Fabbri, A., Zadro, J.R., Ferreira, G.E., Sharma, S. & Moynihan, R.N. (2021). Global Media Coverage of the Benefits and Harms of Early Detection Tests. JAMA Internal Medicine. (Letter)
  11. Hayen, A., Glasziou, P.P. & Doust, J.A. (2021). Coronary artery calcium scoring in cardiovascular risk assessment of people with family histories of early onset coronary artery disease, The Medical journal of Australia. (Letter)
  12. Bell, K.J., Glasziou, P., Stanaway, F., Bossuyt, P. & Irwig, L. (2021). Equity and evidence during vaccine rollout: stepped wedge cluster randomised trials could help. British Medical Journal, 372: n435 (Letter)
  13. Doshi, P., Hong, K., Jefferson, T., Jones, M. & Rowhani-Farid, A. (2021). Control vaccine formulation. The Lancet397(10279), pp.1061-1062. (Correspondence)
  14. Décary, S., Zadro, J.R., O'Keeffe, M., Michaleff, Z.A., Traeger, A.C. & Légaré, F. (2021). Overcoming Overuse Part 5: Is Shared Decision Making Our Excalibur?. JOSPT, 51(2):53-56 (Editorial)
  15. Traeger, A.C., Soon, J., O'Keeffe, M., Décary, S., Michaleff, Z.A. & Zadro, J.R. (2021). Overcoming Overuse Part 4: Small Business Survival. JOSPT, 51(1):1-4 (Editorial)
  16. Webster, R.K., Bishop, F., Collins, G.S., Evers, A.W., Hoffmann, T., et al. (2021). Measuring the success of blinding in placebo-controlled trials: should we be so quick to dismiss it?. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. (Discussion)
  17. Hoffmann, T.C., Bakhit, M. & Del Mar, C. (2021), Uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women. BMJ, vol. 372, n725.